Diabetes: How is it managed?

Diabetes is fast becoming one of the leading health issues in Australia. This article specifically deals with Type 2 Diabetes and how this condition can be managed.

What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes is characterised by increased blood sugar levels due to Insulin resistance. Insulin is released by the pancreas when a meal or snack is eaten that contains carbohydrates or sugars. Insulin resistance is when the body does not recognize and respond to insulin normally, which forces the pancreas to release more and more Insulin. Diabetes occurs when Insulin can no longer do its job well enough to keep blood sugar levels within a safe range.
What causes Insulin resistance & Diabetes?
There is a range of contributing factors. These include genetics, being overweight (particularly around the abdomen), age, lack of exercise and poor eating habits. Diabetes often occurs in combination with other health issues such as overweight/obesity, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. The combination of these health issues is labeled ‘Metabolic Syndrome’.
How is it managed?
Type 2 Diabetes can be managed through diet and lifestyle modification. One of the keys to preventing blood sugar levels from spiking by avoiding foods with a high glycemic load and high glycemic index. These foods contain sugar and carbohydrates that are broken down and digested quickly by the body, resulting in elevated blood sugar levels. These foods include confectionary, refined carbohydrates, sweetened beverages and creamy dressings just to name a few.
READ: 5 foods that will stop you losing weight
Exercise plays an important role in managing type 2 Diabetes. Exercise has been shown to increase insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels. It is important to ask your GP what type and intensity of exercise is safe for you.
Can Diabetes be reversed?
There have been many cases where individuals have been able to reverse Type 2 Diabetes with effective dietary and lifestyle modification. It’s important to get advice from an expert when setting up a plan to manage your Diabetes. An Accredited Practising Dietitian is the best qualified to do this. Click here to visit the Dietitian’s Association of Australia website
Click here is you would like to learn more about our Dietitian consultation is Adelaide, SA.
For more information visit the Diabetes Australia website.

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